Welcome to the new:
Head of Pastoral Care / Vice-Principal
Global Politics in the IB-DP teacher
Chemistry in the IB-MYP and IB-DP teacher
Arts and Design in the IB-MYP teacher
Allyson Connell – ACL
English Language and Literature, TOK in the DP teacher
Allyson B.A, B.Ed, M.A (University of Toronto), brings to OIS a wealth of experience and enthusiasm for the teaching of IB Diploma Programme literature and theatre. She has taught in Canada, Colombia, Chile, United Kingdom and Portugal. Allyson has taught IB MYP and Diploma programmes for a number of years and is a senior Diploma examiner for Theatre. She is particularly interested in theatre in education and has directed a number of challenging theatrical productions from Shakespeare to Ionesco. Over recent years Allyson has focused on the literature and language programmes and recently attended Diploma Programme training in Zurich for the new English A Diploma programme. As a student-centred teacher, Allyson sees her move to OIS as an exciting opportunity to construct programmes in a new environment that will inspire in her future students a love of literature and drama and a respect for the values they engender.
Ana Breysse – ABE
French Language Acquisition in the MYP teacher
Ana was born and raised in Mozambique. She graduated in Sociology, Philosophy and French from the University of Lisbon and CCI of Lyon, in France. Ana has a lot of experience in international exchange programs, both in Portugal and France.
After living several years in Provence, Ana came back to Lisbon to create a program of critical thinking and philosophy in French for children and has taught French as a second language. She worked for the Lisbon French School – LFCL, for several years and now she is very enthusiastic to join the OIS community.
Her international experience and abilities in critical thinking give her the understanding of the IB program and its values. With her experience and enthusiasm, Ana hopes to inspire her students, to motivate and give them the opportunity to learn, in an enjoyable way, the French language and culture.
Ana does yoga and meditation, she’s a volunteer of AMARA and she is passionate about theater, photography, trekking and reading.
Ana Durán – ADN
Drama, Spanish Language and Literature and Language Acquisition in the MYP teacher
Ana is from Spain and graduated from the Complutense University of Madrid. Living in Portugal for many years, she has been teaching Spanish as a private teacher to all age groups. She is very fond of music, reading and she loves dancing flamenco dancing. She strongly believes in the values of the IB and recognizes that language learning and communication expand minds and make life richer. Ana is looking forward to using her experience and enthusiasm to inspire students at OIS.
Ana Rodrigues – ARS
Portuguese Language and Literature and Language Acquisition in the MYP teacher
Born in Lisbon, Portugal. Degree in Modern Languages and Literature (Portuguese Studies) from the University of Lisbon (Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa). Specialization in Special Needs Education (Visual Impairment) from ISCIA. Teaching Portuguese language and literature since 2001, in the Portuguese public educational system, and also Portuguese for Foreigners since 2004, at some private companies and for the NATO community. The reasons I applied for OIS are linked to the values promoted by the International Baccalaureate and the way I see education for children and youth and also because I felt this was the moment to engage myself in a school. I believe that learning languages makes life richer and broadens the awareness of other cultures. I wish to bring joy and enthusiasm to OIS..
André Lopes – ALS
Mathematics in the MYP and DP teacher, Mathematics Head of Department
André was born and raised in Braga, Portugal. He attended “Universidade do Minho” in Portugal and graduated with a teaching degree in Mathematics. He joined VIF International Education which centres on world language education, global awareness and cultural exposure and began his international teaching career at a public school in North Carolina, USA. Andre is an experienced IBO teacher and has taught in both the MYP and the Diploma Programmes. OIS is his third international school in Portugal and he feels fortunate that he has the opportunity to bring his expertise and contribute to the continuous development of the school as it becomes a reference in international education in Portugal.
Ann Drysdale – ADE
Year 6 teacher
Ann Marie Molano Drysdale, our new Year 6 teacher, is an American, born in Detroit, Michigan and raised in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Daughter of Polish and Colombian parents, married to an Anglo-Franco Argentine and mother of two Brazilian children. She has been very fortunate to be raised in a multi-cultural environment, always studied and taught in an international school, speaks Portuguese, Spanish and English fluently.
She has a Master´s of Education for international schools overseas from Framingham State College and a Bachelor’s in Education from Mackenzie University in São Paulo. Her passions are teaching, tennis, travel and family. As an educator for 28 years at Chapel School, the American International School of Sao Paulo, Ann Marie is dedicated to educating children with a hope to motivate and challenge them toward a successful learning experience. By nurturing positive social-emotional student development, she aims to enhance their self-confidence and academic curiosity.
Ann Marie is very happy to be living abroad for the first time in such a beautiful country such as Portugal. She is also very pleased to be part of the educational staff at OIS, a very multicultural and charming school, and embracing the challenges for growth, development and excellence in education through the years.
Antonieta Gálvez – AGZ
Spanish A and B in DP teacher
Antonieta has a BA (Diploma) in Humanities, an LLB in Law (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú) and an LLM in International Legal Studies (Georgetown University). She is currently writing her PhD thesis in Law at Universidade Nova de Lisboa. She was a Law Professor at Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú for several years and has taught the Spanish IB Diploma Programme for 4 years in Portugal. She is also an IB Diploma Examiner for Spanish Ab Initio
Barbara Guimaraes – BGS
Design, Drama and Music in the MYP teacher
Barbara is a Music teacher that brings enthusiasm, commitment and experience to her subject. After being educated in an International system and going through the MYP and IB Diploma Barbara moved to London to take her BMus at Trinity College of Music in Piano performance. Following this experience she took a postgraduate course in Events Management at City University and worked for two years at the Royal Albert Hall which gave her an initiate into performance skills, contracts and management application. She then moved to Portugal and had the opportunity to initiate a teaching career in the International System. Finding out that this was a passion she moved to Edinburgh where she took her PGDE and had the opportunity to teach at three different schools in the area. Barbara moved to Portugal and has taught in the International system since, becoming not only Personal Project moderator but co-ordinator for the Personal Project for four years. Barbara believes that music in an essential part of life and that it enables students to learn performance skills as well as learn some History, Math’s and general culture which supports the interdisciplinary commitment the IB requires.
Barbara Monteiro – BMO
Economics in the IB-DP teacher
David Casimiro – DCO
Spanish and Portuguese teacher in the MYP
Born in Fontainebleau, France. Doctorate and Masters in Literature and Culture Studies (Portuguese Studies) from the University of Lisbon (Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa). Masters in Portuguese and Spanish Studies. David started his life at the Military College in Lisbon, teaching Portuguese (2002) and Spanish (2009). He also taught French at state schools. As a French citizen he likes different experiences and moving to OIS with its international community of students and staff made it rewarding to develop exchange programmes with other schools in Mexico and Spain.
Filipa Santos – FSS
Portuguese Language and Literature in the MYP and DP teacher
Filipa has a degree in Modern Languages and Literature (Portuguese Studies) from the University of Lisbon. She is currently preparing her Master’s thesis in Historical Patrimony at the Faculty of Social Sciences, to be defended at the New University of Lisbon. As a qualified and experienced teacher of Portuguese, she has always aimed to maximize the development of students. Enthusiastic and dynamic, she makes herself available to promote extra-curricular activities in order to stimulate the students’ interest in Portuguese. She would also very much enjoy to teach the Portuguese language and culture to students of other nationalities and joining OIS will allow her to explore this interest.
Francisco Vargas – FVS
Physics, Mathematics teacher in the MYP and DP, DP Coordinator – Vice-Principal
Francisco grew up in Venezuela and has been teaching in Perú for 9 years. He has a degree in Electric Engineering and a post-grad studies in Didactics of Physics. He has been a teacher during almost twenty years, 10 of them in IBO Schools as MYP-DP Math and Physics Teacher and MYP Coordinator. Francisco works for the International Baccalaureate Organization as MYP Math and Science workshop leader since 2006 and as MYP Math moderator since 2010. He is married and has two children. He loves Science in general, specially Physics and Astronomy. He is very excited to go OIS because it is a new challenge for his career and it is a very good opportunity to implement in a new school the resources that he has developed during the last years.
Gemma Montefiore – GME
PHE, Humanities and English Language and Acquisition in MYP teacher
Gemma is from Australia where she gained her BSc in Exercise and Health Science and a Masters in Physiotherapy. After working in Australia and the UK, Gemma has recently moved to Portugal where she now has the opportunity to teach within the International System. Gemma is passionate about the outdoors, reading, traveling, and having/promoting an active healthy lifestyle. Gemma is excited to be a part of the OIS community and teaching Humanities, PHE and English B.
Gavin O’Donnell – GOL
English Language and Literature in the MYP teacher, TOK in the DP teacher
Gavin has a BA in English and Philosophy, a Law degree and a Masters in Education. He has taught Special Needs, English and Drama in Ireland, Colombia, Spain and Portugal, mainly in British Curriculum schools. In joining OIS Gavin is excited by the opportunity to engage with students through the IB programme. He sees its openness, inclusiveness and international-mindedness as a crucial means of creating a bright future for the students and the world in which they will live.
Henriëtte van Stijn – HVS
Dutch Language and Literature in the MYP teacher
Graduated in 1981 at the Pedagogische Academie “St. Jozef” te Zeist (Utrecht) in the Netherlands. Worked for 20 years in year 6 and 4 (English curriculum) as a maths teacher. Worked in both primary and secondary Dutch schools for 9 years. Is currently Dutch language teacher at I.P.S and OIS (during schooltime) and St. Julian’s (after schooltime).
Inês Lima – ILA
Science, Physics and Mathematics in the MYP, Sports, exercise and health science in the DP teacher. Student Support Coordinator
Inês holds a Ph.D. in Aquatic Environment Sciences from the University of Porto where she developed a passion for education while teaching undergraduates. Inês moved to the UK in 2008 where she obtained a PGCE from the University of Sussex. Over the last four years, she has been working at OIS as an MYP and DP teacher. Since 2016, she has also been the Student Support Coordinator. Having published scientific papers and attended international conferences Inês hopes that her success will enable her to be a good role model for young people and help them to become global citizens.
Isabel Loureiro – ILO
Portuguese and French Language Acquisition in the MYP and Portuguese B in the DP teacher
Isabel has a BA in Modern Languages and Literature (UNL, Lisbon) and attended a Master’s course in Medieval Literature. She has a vast experience of Portuguese and French teaching. Isabel lived in London for 8 years, where she continued to develop her knowledge of languages by completing courses in Spanish and English. She writes books for children and at OIS she hopes to share her love of languages and literature, as she thinks it is the right school to know students well and work collaboratively with them.
James Anstis – JAS
English Language and Literature in the MYP and DP, Theory of Knowledge in the DP teacher
James has a BA in English Literature and completed his PGCE in the UK, where he worked for a few years before moving to Italy. In Rome he enjoyed teaching English Literature in the Middle and High School, where he prepared students for their GCSE exams and the IB Diploma. He strongly believes in the values promoted by the International Baccalaureate and is looking forward to being part of the excellent English Department at Oeiras. He is passionate about literature and sports, especially surfing and football. Before coming to Oeiras he was travelling around the world, and he hopes to transmit his enthusiasm and interest for different cultures to his students through literature.
Joana Carvalho – JCO
Portuguese Language and Literature in the MYP teacher
Graduated from the Lisbon University with a degree in Modern Language and Literature, Joana Carvalho continued her passion for literature acquired at Lycée Français where she achieved an honorable mention in her Baccalaureate. An enthusiastic traveler, she organized to participate in the exchange programme in the Universidade Católica of Rio de Janeiro. While in Brazil, Joana completed a training in creative writing which was paramount to completing her Master’s thesis in Portugal as a Mother tongue and Second language teacher. After teaching in the Portuguese system Joana felt that she could relate more to the values promoted by the International Baccalaureate. With experience in international education, Joana joined OIS with enthusiasm and she is currently teaching Portuguese A at MYP and Diploma level. As a pioneer of Portuguese Language and Literature programme, Joana brings to OIS her joy of teaching and true dedication to her students which she hopes to inspire to be life-long learners.
Joana Vale – JVE
Librarian, ATL leader in the MYP, PPS teacher in the CP teacher
Joana has a BA in Media Studies and is about to complete a MA in Communication Sciences with a focus in Communication, Organizations and New Technologies, from the Catholic University in Lisbon. Joana is committed to support teachers and students in innovative ways to pursue research, to develop a love of learning and to bring intellectual energy into the library as well as into the classrooms and the wider community. She brings to OIS a desire to learn, to teach and a commitment to share knowledge.
João Cheira – JCA
PHE in the MYP teacher
João has a degree in Sports Science and Sports Training and a Masters in Teaching Physical Education from the University of Lisbon. Since 2008, he has worked in some of the most well respected sports academies in the world (Sporting Clube de Portugal). In 2011 he founded a NGO, AJEM – Associação Juvenil Espírito de Mudança, with the aim of making the world a better place. For João, travel is one of the most exciting activities we can do; he truly believes that travelling gives us infinite opportunities to learn, develop and enrich our culture. He is an enthusiastic and committed teacher who truly believes in the IB programme and its values. João values a positive and effective teaching style where students enjoy learning. Teaching at OIS will allow João to help inspire students and promote their love of physical activity and sports.
John Brown – JBN
Psychology in the DP teacher and English Language Acquisition in the MYP teacher
John Brown, DP Psychology and MYP Spanish) Holds a BA in Secondary English & Spanish Education from Tarleton State University in Texas, USA. He has done graduate work and research in Second Language Acquisition. John´s background includes teaching Spanish in the U.S. for 15 years. During this time, he also worked with the state Educator Certification Board and was a frequent trainer and consultant for Modern Language Programmes in the state. Prior to coming to Portugal, John has lived in Spain, Germany and Turkey, and has taught Spanish, Middle School and IGCSE English, English as a Second Language and IB Psychology. John´s passions included travel, language and cultural studies, and winter sports. His most unusual hobby is skydiving.
Jorge Santos – JSS
Digital Design and Portuguese teacher in the MYP, After School Activity Coordinator and yearbook supervisor
Jorge Santos graduated from the University Lusíada of Lisbon with a degree in Communication and Multimedia. His academic formation was related with Audio and Video edition, Pre and Post Production, Web Graphic Design and TV/Cinema/Music Video production. He then continued his academic career by taking a Postgraduate course in 3D Character modelling. He is very enthusiastic about joining OIS as the MYP Design teacher. He believes that this IB subject is one of utilizing creative tools to develop the students today and in their future life throughout this “Digital Era”.
Julie Horne – JHE
English in the IB-DP and IB-MYP teacher
Julie specialises in English Language Acquisition and Academic Literacy. She was born in Canada but has called Hong Kong home for the past 10 years. She’s a food enthusiast and enjoys hiking, reading and cafe culture. She loves to travel and a few of her favourite cities include Tel Aviv, Istanbul, Melbourne and Kyoto. Julie believes organisation is the key to success. One of her favourite quotes is by Ray Bradbury, “There are worse crimes than burning books. One of them is not reading them.” Julie is looking forward to being the OIS MYP Coordinator and living in Portugal.
Koen Peeters – KPS
Science teacher in the MYP
Koen was born in Mechelen, Belgium and have been teaching for more than 10 years. He was graduated in 2003 at the Thomas Moore University and obtained a bachelor degree in geography, biology and PE. Koen believes that teaching at Oeiras International School represents a unique opportunity to be a part of a wonderfully varied, rich and stimulating educational environment. Koen is very passionate about travelling and sports, especially football and surfing.
Lennart Girard – LGD
PHE and German in the MYP teacher and SEHS in DP teacher
Lennart was born in Germany, but has also lived in Australia and Indonesia. He graduated with a Master of Education in Sports Science and English Literature and language acquisition from the University of Kiel in northern Germany. Furthermore, he has a degree that enables him to teach German as a foreign language, which he acquired while teaching refugees. Last year, Lennart taught English language arts at CAISL in Sintra, but this year he will be teaching Sports Science and PHE classes at OIS. Teaching PHE and Sports science is something he is really looking forward to, since his entire life evolves around sports. In his free time Lennart plays Basketball, surfs Portugal´s magnificent waves, or enjoys reading.
Linda Patient – LPT
Humanities teacher and MUN Coordinator
Linda brings to OIS more than 20 years of experience teaching Middle Years English, Social Studies, and English and French as second languages. Linda obtained her Bachelor of Education from the University of Alberta majoring in English Language Arts, specializing in reading development. Linda has taught and designed curriculum in Canada, Japan and France. Linda has attended workshops in Latvia and Malta for MYP Humanities. Linda strongly believes in community and is excited about contributing to the OIS culture which values student and parental involvement in decision-making and the development of the school.
Lorne King – LKG
English teacher in the MYP, Language Development teacher in the CP and Athletics Director
Born in Glasgow, Scotland to a proud Scottish family. After obtaining a Diploma in Theology in Pretoria he moved down to the east coast of South Africa to Durban and worked for 8 years as a youth worker. Working overseas for a sports nutrition company he returned to South Africa and moved to Cape Town, where he took up teaching and finished his Bachelors of Education at the University of South Africa while teaching at Western Province Boys Preparatory School.
He has a passion for all sports, and had experience as a sports coordinator in South Africa. Rugby has been the most dominant sport in his background.
Maria do Rosário (Chari) Empis – CES
Principal/Headmistress, IBCP Coordinator and Mathematics teacher in the DP
Chari’s deep belief in the philosophy of the IB made her responsible for the implementation of the first 3-programme IB school in Portugal. An experienced IB principal, university mathematics professor, IB mathematics teacher and IB, ECIS and CIS school visitor, she envisaged renewing the IB values and this was the motivation to engage in this exciting project of a new IB world school.
Marine Gonindard – MGD
French Language and Literature in the MYP teacher and Language A in the DP teacher
Marine was born in Paris, France. She has a LL.M degrees and D.J.S from Paris 2 University. She was a lawyer for 15 years, then judge for 8 years at the correctional court. When she moved to Spain, she obtained the diploma enabling her to teach French as a second language with a major for young students. She taught French to students from Lycee Francais of Barcelona for 5 years. Now in Lisbon, Marine is excited to be joining OIS because she believes in the philosophy of the MYP and IB diploma and enjoys sharing her knowledge of French with her students. She also finds it important to keep and develop French as an language for the IB.
Neale Davies – NDS
History and Humanities teacher in the MYP and DP, Duke of Edinburgh Coordinator
Neale Davies is from Wales, with a Bachelor’s degree in Physical Education. In 2010 he was awarded a Masters in History from the Open University. His earlier years in teaching were in Physical Education and latterly, Humanities in the MYP and History at Diploma level. One of his key interests at the school is the Duke of Edinburgh Program, a rich and diverse program of activities that develop the character of the individual involved, characterized in the expedition section of the award that teaches the participant that no one individual is more important than the group.
Peter Kovacs – PKS
Science and Mathematics in the MYP, Physics and Mathematics in DP teacher
Peter was born in Budapest, Hungary and he lived there until the age of 16. He studied Applied Mathematics and Business Administration in the United States as an undergraduate student and earned a Masters degree in Education from Oxford Brookes University in the UK. Prior to moving to Portugal, Peter lived in Spain, Poland, Colombia, the Republic of Georgia and Tanzania, while he also took a year off to travel around the world in 2010-11. Besides Mathematics, Peter loves football, travelling, chess, good food, coffee and wine. He is looking forward to sharing his passion for maths, science and football with students and colleagues at OIS and is very excited about living in a fabulous place like Lisbon.
Paul Stedman – PSN
Science and Chemistry in the MYP teacher and Chemistry in the DP teacher
I am indeed fortunate that my teaching career has already given me so many different opportunities to experience different cultures, perspectives and ways of life. I graduated with honours at the University of Leicester, UK and completed my teaching qualification at the University of Sheffield in 1993. So I have been teaching Science and my specialism, Chemistry, for more than 20 years. I have taught in three British Schools in Spain and Portugal and it was in Porto that I met my wife Joanne and where our three children, Isabella, Sofia and Luke were born. For the last two years our young family have lived in Jakarta, Indonesia. It has been a real education for us all. I have always been a firm believer in the aims and principles of the IB program and was delighted to take on the role of Theory of Knowledge (TOK) Coordinator in my current school. I am excited about returning to Portugal and the fascinating capital city of Lisboa. I very much look forward to being part of the OIS community as both an educator and a parent.
Pedro Zamith – PZH
Visual Arts in the MYP and in the DP teacher
Pedro graduated in Fine Arts from the University of Fine Arts of Lisbon. He also has a BA in Scenography and Theatre Models (Superior School of Theatre and Cinema). He studied Animation at the Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian andalso has a degree in Arts Education, from the Faculdade de Psicologia in Lisbon. Pedro has 18 years’ experience of teaching Visual Arts and has mademany presentations of his ideas on the contemporary arts scene. The Centro Cultural de Belém (Museu Berardo), Museu Serralves, Appleton Square Art Gallery, Pedro Serrenho Art Gallery, Periférica Art Gallery, Dama Aflita Art Gallery, Monumental Art Gallery, Quadrum Art Gallery, Museu of Contemporary Art in Corunha have all exhibited his work, and he also has numerous publications. Pedro is teaching MYP and DP Visual Arts at OIS and believes that the IB Arts Curriculum from the IB is crucial for a complete education.
Rachel Zewde – RZE
Mathematics in the MYP and DP teacher
I was born and educated in the UK, with a Maths degree from University of Durham, followed by a PGCE (in Secondary Maths) from Bristol University. I have taught in the UK, in Ethiopia ….. then in the UK …… then in Ethiopia again! I love the challenge and variety of teaching students of all ages, abilities and backgrounds and have many years of experience working with students aged from 11 to 18, including teaching IGCSE, A-level (Pure Maths and Mechanics) and 9 years of IB (HL, SL and Maths Studies). My interests include reading, music (piano and singing), badminton, trekking and camping; I’m looking forward to doing all of these when I begin my new life in Portugal!
Ramona Dietrich – RDH
English Language Acquisition and Drama in the MYP teacher, English Language Development in the CP teacher
Ramona is a life-long learner who holds a BA in History with a minor in Medieval Studies and a Master of Science in Education. She believes that communication is the keystone to cooperation. Ramona is a Web 2.0 enthusiast and is very interested in using open-source technology in an effort to enhance learning and equip students with 21st century e-literacy skills.
Rebecca Nichols – RNS
English Literature in the MYP and in the DP teacher and TOK teacher
Rebecca has been teaching English and Drama at IB World schools since 1997. She has a B.A. in Humanities (literature, history and philosophy), an M.Ed. from the University of Bath and a PGCE in English and Drama from the University of Sheffield. She has taught in South East Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East and the Americas and contributed to MYP and DP curriculum development at IB Cardiff. Rebecca enjoys using visible thinking strategies and student-centred pedagogy to engage students and address their distinct learning needs, interests and aspirations. She also seeks to model the attributes of the IB learner profile within a teaching and learning environment built on mutual respect.
Sofia D’Orey – SDY
Digital Design and Mathematics in the MYP teacher
Sofia obtained her degree in Biomedical Engineering in 2006 from IST, Lisbon. During her time as an undergraduate student, she also started her teaching career as she was a teaching assistant for the Probability and Statistics class at her university. She then went on to obtain her PhD in Bioengineering in 2012, also from IST, having spent some time doing research at the Man-Vehicle Laboratory at MIT. Her experiences teaching also include some time spent at a Mathematics tutoring centre as well as a visiting professorship at the Faculty of Engineering of Universidade Católica, where she was responsible for the Biomechanics course of the Masters in Bio-medical Engineering. Having been both an IB MYP and Diploma student herself, she is extremely enthusiastic about becoming part of the IB world once again, now as a teacher.
Steve Bruce-Lomba – SBL
Biology in the MYP and DP teacher, Animal Husbandry Coordinator
Steve has been teaching Science and Biology for 16 years, in both the IB programmes and the British National Curriculum. He has a BSc Honours degree in Zoology from Nottingham University, a teaching certificate from Nottingham Trent University and has worked on a variety of scientific research projects as diverse as cryopreservation, the dog genome project and sudden infant death syndrome. His interests include military history, American football, and aircraft modeling. At OIS, Steve is enjoying working with progressive and talented teachers in a school that puts the students first, which is based on respect for the whole school community and where the students are happy, enjoy learning, and are ultimately successful.
Yu Cheng – YCG
Chinese A in the MYP, Chinese Language and Literature and Mandarin Ab initio in the DP teacher
Yu studied International Commerce and Public Relations in China and Belgium respectively. She has been teaching Mandarin in Europe for 9 years. Yu has also personally written Mandarin textbooks and exercise books for her students. She has a genuine passion for teaching with a commitment to excellence. Yu is looking forward to sharing her Mandarin knowledge and Chinese culture with OIS students and believes that we can achieve better “intercultural understanding and respect” in this IB school.